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Composition, claims and costs

First Steps Nutrition Trust provides a one stop shop for information on infant milks marketed in the UK. We provide information on the composition of infant milks, the claims made and the usefulness and safety of ingredients. We gather together all the information needed to support families who use these products to feed their infants.


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Infant milks in the UK
A practical guide for health professionals

This updated version of the report Infant Milks in the UK contains the latest information on milks available for infants and children in the UK with clear, independent guidance on their suitability.

The report provides information on infant milks marketed for over the counter sale in the UK, as well as background information on composition, ingredients, contaminants, regulations and the infant milk market.

keep your report up-to-date

May 2018 report: The following pages have been updated since December 2018


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Infant formula - An overview

This report considers those milks that are covered by the infant formula milk regulations in the UK. It provides a more in-depth look at each milk and reviews the evidence that is given to support claims made. Infant formula includes the first infant milks about which healthcare professionals may be asked the most questions. We have given our opinions about the evidence they provide to back up claims and compared it with findings from accepted expert reviews.


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Cost of infant milks marketed in the UK

This report summarises the costs of all milks currently marketed for sale in the UK. There are considerable disparities in cost between products, and using ready to feed starter packs of infant milk is a particularly expensive way to buy formula milk. Despite marketing claims, milks that comply to regulations are similar in composition.

The addition of unnecessary ingredients about which claims are made may burden a young child's metabolism – a simpler and cheaper formula with fewer unnecessary ingredients may be preferable.